PERSON

Sharaf al-Dīn Maḥmūd ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar al-Jaghmīnī al-Khwārizmī

Name (arabic)

شرف الدين محمود بن محمد بن عمر الجغميني الخوارزمي

Name (translit)

Sharaf al-Dīn Maḥmūd ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar al-Jaghmīnī al-Khwārizmī

Alias

Çağmīnī
Chaghmīnī
Jaghmīnī
الامام الجغمينى الخوارزمى
محمود بن محمد بن عمر الجغمينى الحوارزمى

Flourished

603H/1206J

Died

618H/1221J

Born in

Lived in

Died in

Student of

Misattribution

Notes

Maḥmūd al-Jaghmīnī (d. c. 618/1221-2) composed multiple scientific works in Arabic in the late sixth/twelfth and early seventh/thirteenth centuries under the auspices of the Khwārazmshāhs in Central Asia. Two of his compositions became popular textbooks: an introduction to Ptolemaic theoretical astronomy (al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī ʿilm al-hayʾa al-basīṭa); and his medical treatise al-Qānūnča, an abridgement of Ibn Sīnā’s compendium al-Qānūn fī al-ṭibb. The impact and longevity of their influence is evidenced by the plethora of extant copies of the originals and their many commentaries and translations, which continued to be studied extensively for centuries and disseminated widely throughout the Islamic world and South Asia.

Number in MAMS

547

Biography URL

ismi_id

7437

Authored Works

10 works:

Algebra

Manẓūmah fī al-jabr wa-al-muqābalah , منظومة في الجبر والمقابلة

Arithmetic: Practical/ḥisāb

al-Mūjaz fī al-ḥisāb , الموجز في الحساب
Risālah ṣuwar al-ḥisāb al-tisʿ , رسالة صور الحساب التسع

Astrology

al-Kitāb fī quwá al-kawākib wa-ḍaʿfihā , الكتاب في قوى الكواكب وضعفها

Astronomy: General

Taḥrīr al-qawāʿid li-taḥlīl astār al-farāʾid , تحرير القواعد لتحليل أستار الفرائد

Astronomy: Theoretical/hayʾaẗ al-ʿālam

al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʾat al-basīṭah , الملخّص في الهيئة البسيطة
Risālah fī aqdār ajrām al-kawākib wa-abʿādihā , رسالة في أقدار أجرام الكواكب وأبعادها
Tashrīḥ sharḥ al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʾah , تشريح شرح الملخّص في الهيئة

Geometry: General

Talkhīṣ kitāb Ūqlīdis , تلخيص كتاب أوقليدس

Inheritance

Sharḥ Ṭuruq al-ḥisāb fī masāʾil al-waṣāyā , شرح طرق الحساب في مسائل الوصايا

References

Ragep, Sally. 2016. Jaghmīnī’S Mulakhkhaṣ: An Islamic Introduction To Ptolemaic Astronomy. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Ragep, Sally. 2015. “Maḥmūd Ibn Muḥammad Ibn ʿumar Al-Jaghmīnī’S Al-Mulakhkhaṣ Fī Al-Hayʾa Al-Basīṭa: An Edition, Translation, And Study.”. Mcgill University.
Ghalandari, Hanif. 2012. “Chagmīnī”. The Great Islamic Encyclopedia 19: 356-57.
Qāsimlu, Farīd. 2009. “Chagmīnī”. In Encyclopaedia Of The World Of Islam, 12:61-63.
Kaçar, Mustafa, Zeynep Durukal, and F.Jamil Ragep. 2006. “On Dating Jaghmīnī And His Mulakhkhaṣ”. In Essays In Honour Of Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, 461-466. Istanbul: IRCICA.
İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin, and Boris Rozenfeld. 2003. Mathematicians, Astronomers And Other Scholars Of Islamic Civilisation And Their Works (7Th-19Th C.). Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture.

Pp. 198-99 (no. 547).

Fazlıoğlu, İhsan. 2003. “Osmanlı Felsefe-Biliminin Arkaplanı: Semerkand Matematik-Astronomi Okulu”. Dîvân İlmî Araştırmalar 7.
İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin. 2002. History Of The Ottoman State, Society & Civilisation. 2 vol.. Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA).

Discusses the tradition of the Mulakhkhaṣ in the Ottoman Empire.

İzgi, Cevat. 1997. Osmanlı Medreselerinde İlim: Riyazī Ilimler. 2 vol.. Istanbul: İz.

Vol. 1, pp. 370-92.

İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin. 1997. Osmanlı Astronomi Literatürü Tarihi [History Of Astronomy Literature During The Ottoman Period].. Osmanlı Bilim Tarihi Literatürü. Istanbul: İslâm Tarih, Sanat ve Kültür Araştırma Merkezi (IRCICA).

For information Ottoman commentators on the Mulakhkhaṣ.

Ragep, F.Jamil. 1993. Nasīr Al‐Dīn Al‐Ṭūsī's Memoir On Astronomy (Al‐Tadhkira Fī ʿilm Al‐Hayʾa). 2 vol.. New York: Springer‐Verlag.
King, David. 1986. A Survey Of The Scientific Manuscripts In The Egyptian National Library. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns; The American Research Center in Egypt.

P. 150 (G17).

Gines, Juan, and Heinrich Suter. 1985. “Al‐Djaghmīnī”. In Encyclopaedia Of Islam, New Edition, 2ndnd ed., 2:378. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Ṭāshkubrīzade, Aḥmad. 1985. Miftāḥ Al‐Saʿāda Wa‐Miṣbāḥ Al‐Siyāda. 3 vol.. Beirut: Dār al‐kutub al‐ʿilmiyya.

Vol. 1, p. 349.

Sezgin, Fuat. 1974. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 5, Mathematik Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

P. 115.

Suter, Heinrich. 1900. Die Mathematiker Und Astronomen Der Araber Und Ihre Werke.. Abhandlungen Zur Geschichte Der Mathematischen Wissenschaften Mit Einschluss Ihrer Anwendungen, Vol. 10. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner.

Pp. 164-80.

Rudloff, G., and Adolf Hochheim. 1893. “Die Astronomie Des Maḥmûd Ibn Muḥammad Ibn ʿomar Al‐Ǵaġmînî”. Zeitschrift Der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 47: 213-275.

German translation of the Mulakhkhaṣ; contains numerous errors.

Storey, Charles, and François De Blois. Persian Literature: A Bio‐Bibliographical Survey. 5 vol.. London: Luzac.

Vol. 2, pt. 1, pp. 50-51.

Kâtip, Çelebi. Kashf Al-Ẓunūn ʿan Asāmī Al-Kutub Wa-Al-Funūn. 2 vol.. Istanbul: Maṭabiʻ Wikālat al-Maʿārif al-Jalīlah; Milli Eg‐itim Bakanlig‐i Yayinlari.

Vol. 2, cols. 1819-20.