PERSON

Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abū al-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyāmī al-Nīshāpūrī

Name (arabic)

غياث الدين أبو الفتح عمر بن إبراهيم الخيّامي النيشاپوري

Name (translit)

Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abū al-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyāmī al-Nīshāpūrī

Alias

Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abū al-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Ḫayyāmī al-Naysābūrī
ʿUmar Ḫayyām

Born

439H/1048J

Died

513H/1120J

Born in

Lived in

Died in

Teacher of

Number in MAMS

420

Biography URL

ismi_id

64456

Authored Works

14 works:

Algebra

Mushkilāt al-ḥisāb , مشكلات الحساب
Risālah fī al-barāhīn ʿalá masāʾil al-jabr wa-al-muqābalah , رسالة في البراهين على مسائل الجبر والمقابلة

Astronomical Tables/zījes

al-Zīj Malik-shāhī , الزيج ملكشاهي

Astronomy: General

Nawrūz-nāmah , نوروزنامه

Geography: Practical

Lawāzim al-amkinah , لوازم الأمكنة

Geometry: General

Sharḥ mā ashkala min muṣādarāt kitāb Uqlīdis , شرح ما اشكل من مصادرات كتاب أقليدس

Mathematics: General

Risālah fī taqsīm rubʿ al-dāʾirah , رسالة في تقسيم ربع الدائرة

MUSIC

al-Qawl ʿalá al-ajnās allatī bi-al-arbaʿ , القول على الأجناس التي بالأربع
Sharḥ al-mushkil min Kitāb al-musīqá , شرح المشكل من كتاب الموسيقى

Natural Philosophy/ṭabīʿiyyāt

Mukhtaṣar fī al-ṭabīʿiyyāt , مختصر في الطبيعيّات

OTHER

Rawḍat al-ʿuqūl , روضة العقول

TECHNOLOGY

Fī al-qustāṣ al-mustaqīm , في القستاص المستقيم
Mīzān al-ḥikam , ميزان الحكم

References

9999.
Hashemipour, Behnaz. 2007. “Khayyām: Ghiyāth Al‐Dīn Abū Al‐Fatḥ ʿUmar Ibn Ibrāhīm Al‐Khayyāmī Al‐Nīshāpūrī”. In The Biographical Encyclopedia Of Astronomers, Springer Reference, ed. Thomas Hockey, 627-628. New York: Springer.
İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin, and Boris Rozenfeld. 2003. Mathematicians, Astronomers And Other Scholars Of Islamic Civilisation And Their Works (7Th-19Th C.). Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture.

Pp. 168-70 (no. 420).

Hashemipour, Behnaz. 2002. “Guftārī Dar Bār-I-Yi Kullīyāt-I Wujūd [Khayyām's Treatise On The Universals Of Existence]”. Farhang 14 (39-40): 29-87.

Edited with an analytical introduction. In Persian.

Meeus, Jean, and Jean Meeus. 2002. “The Gregorian Calendar And The Tropical Year”. In More Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, 357-366. Richmond, VA: Willmann-Bell.
Angurāni, Fātima, and Zahrā Angurāni. 2002. Bibliography Of ʿOmar Khayyām. Tehran: Society for the Appreciation of Cultural Works and Dignitaries.

In Persian.

Nasr, Seyyed. 2002. “The Poet-Scientist Khayyām As Philosopher”. Farhang 14 (39-40): 25-47.
Netz, Reviel. 2002. “ʿOmar Khayyām And Archimedes”. Farhang 14 (39-40): 221-259.
Chawushi, Jaʿfar. 2000. “Ḥakīm ʿUmar Khayyām And The Arithmetic Triangle”. Farhang 12 (29-32): 17-31.
Djebbar], Aḥmad. 2000. “ʿOmar Khayyām Et Les Activités Mathématiques En Pays D'islam Aux Xi–Xii Siècles”. Farhang 12 (29-32): 1-31.

Commemoration of Khayyām.

Amir-Moèz, Ali. 2000. “Khayyām, Hashtroudi, And Quartic Equations”. Farhang 12 (29-32): 125-131.
Rozenfeld, Boris, and Henri Fouchecour. 2000. “ʿUmar Khayyām”. In Encyclopaedia Of Islam, 2nd ed., 10:827-834.
Rozenfeld, Boris. 1997. “Khayyām”. In Encyclopaedia Of The History Of Science, Technology, And Medicine In Non-Westen Cultures, 479-480. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic.
Borkowski, Kazimierz. 1996. “The Persian Calendar For 3000 Years”. Earth, Moon And Planets 74 (3): 223-230.
Brockelmann, Carl. 1996. Geschichte Der Arabischen Litteratur (Gal). 5 vol.. Leiden; New York: E. J. Brill.

Vol. 1, pp. 620-21; suppl. 1, 855-56.

Yushkevich, A. 1996. Matematika V Yeyo Istorii. Moscow.

Pp. 11-58.

Amir-Moèz, Ali. 1994. “Khayyām, Al-Bīrūnī, Gauss, Archimedes, And Quartic Equations”. Texas Journal Of Science 46 (3): 241-257.
Abdollahy, Reza, and Ehsan Yarshater. 1990. “Calendar: Islamic Period”. In Encyclopaedia Iranica, 4:668-674. London; Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Baghirova, Sevinj. 1987. Sochineniye " Tatimmat Ṣiwān Al-Ḥikmah " Al-Bayhaki Kak Obrazets Srednevekovogo Ensiklopedicheskogo Spravochnika. Tashkent.

Pp. 75-77.

King, David. 1986. A Survey Of The Scientific Manuscripts In The Egyptian National Library. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns; The American Research Center in Egypt.

P. 147.

Berggren, J.Lennart. 1986. Episodes In The Mathematics Of Medieval Islam. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Pp. 12-15, 118-24.

Van der Waerden, B. 1985. A History Of Algebra From Al-Khwārizmī To Emmy Noether. Berlin: Springer.

Pp. 24-33.

Wiedemann, Eilhard. 1984. Gesammelte Schriften Zur Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaftsgeschichte [Majmūʿat Magālātih Fī Tārīkh Al-ʿUlūm Al-ʿArabīyah Wa-Al-Islāmīyah]. 3 vol.. Frankfurt am Main: Institut für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität.

Vol. 2, pp. 679-99.

Matvievskaya, Galina, and Boris Rozenfeld. 1983. Matematiki I Astronomy Musulmanskogo Srednevekovya I Ikh Trudi, Viii-Xvii Vv [Mathematicians And Astronomers Of The Muslim Middle Ages And Their Works, Viii-Xvii Centuries]. 3 vol.. Moscow: Nauka.

Vol. 2, pp. 314-19.

Youschkevitch, Adolf, M. Cazenave, and K. Jaouiche. 1976. Les Mathématiques Arabes (Viiie-Xve Siècles). Paris: J. Vrin.

Pp. 76, 84-89, 94-102, 117-22.

Gabrieli, Francesco. 1975. “ʿOmar Khayyām”. In Scienzati E Tecnologi Dalle Origini Al 1875, 2:465-467.
Rizvi, Vaqar. 1975. “Khayyam As Geometrician”. In International Congress Of Mathematical Sciences. Karachi.
Sezgin, Fuat. 1974. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 5, Mathematik Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 49-52.

Rozenfeld, Boris, and A. Yushkevich. 1973. “Al-Khayyāmī (Or Khayyām)”. In Dictionary Of Scientific Biography, 7:323-334.
Ahadova, Muhabbat. 1972. Umar Khayyom - Matematik Olim. Tashkent.