PERSON

Ghiyāth al-Dīn Jamshīd ibn Masʿūd ibn Maḥmūd al-Kāshī [al-Kāshānī]

Name (arabic)

غياث الدين جمشيد بن مسعود بن محمود الكاشي

Name (translit)

Ghiyāth al-Dīn Jamshīd ibn Masʿūd ibn Maḥmūd al-Kāshī [al-Kāshānī]

Alias

Kāshī
Kāshī, Ghiyāth al-Dīn
جمشيد بن مسعود الكاشانى

Born

787H/1385J

Died

832H/1428J

Born in

Lived in

Died in

Notes

Kāshī, an extremely accomplished mathematician, astronomer, and scientific instrument maker, detailed the prominent role the mathematical sciences played at the Samarqand madrasa and observatory in personal letters written to his father in Kashan, a province in Iran near Isfahan. See also:http://www.jphogendijk.nl/arabsci/kashi.html .

Number in MAMS

802

Biography URL

ismi_id

2827

Authored Works

13 works:

Arithmetic: Practical/ḥisāb

al-Risālah al-Muḥīṭiyyah , الرسالة المحيطيّة
al-Risālah al-watr wa-al-jayb , الرسالة الوتر والجيب
Miftāḥ al-ḥisāb , مفتاح الحساب
Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ , تلخيص المفتاح
Wujūh ʿamal al-ḍarb fī al-takht wa-al-turāb , وجوه العمل الضرب في التخت والتراب

Astronomical Instruments

Risālāh dar sharḥ-i ālāt-i raṣd , رساله در شرح آﻻت رصد

Astronomical Tables/zījes

Zīj al-tashīlāt wa-jadāwil , زيج التسهيلات وجداول
Zīj-i Khāqānī dar takmīl-i Zīj-i Īlkhānī , زيج خاقاني در تكميل زيج إيلخانی

Astronomy: General

Nuzhat [Zubdat] al-ḥadāʾiq , نزهة [زبدة] الحدائق

Astronomy: Practical

Risālah fī maʿrifah samt al-qiblah , رسالة في معرفة سمت القبلة

Astronomy: Theoretical/hayʾaẗ al-ʿālam

Mukhtaṣar dar ʿilm hayʿat , مختصر در علم هیأت
Sullam al-samāʾ fī ḥall al-ishkāl waqaʿa li-mutaqaddimīn fī al-ābʿād wa-al-ajrām , سُلَم السماء في حلّ الشكال وقع للمُتقدّمين في الابعاد والجرام

MATHEMATICS

Fawāʾid maʿrifat taʿdīl mā bayn al-saṭrayn mansūbah ilá Jamshīd wa-Khalīlī wa-Ibn al-Majdī , فوائد معرفة تعديل ما بين السطرين منسوبة إلى جمشيد والخليلي وابن المجدي

References

Saliba, George. 2012. “Kāši, Ḡiāṯ-Al-Din”. In Encyclopaedia Iranica, 64-67. New York: Encyclopaedia Iranica Foundation, Inc.
Schmidl, Petra G. 2007. “Kāshī: Ghiyāth (Al‐Milla Wa‐) Al‐Dīn Jamshīd Ibn Masʿūd Ibn Maḥmūd Al‐Kāshī [Al‐Kāshānī] ”. In The Biographical Encyclopedia Of Astronomers, 613-15. New York: Springer.
İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin, and Boris Rozenfeld. 2003. Mathematicians, Astronomers And Other Scholars Of Islamic Civilisation And Their Works (7Th-19Th C.). Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture.

Pp. 269-71 (no. 802).

Kennedy, Edward. 1998. On The Contents And Significance Of The Khāqānī Zīj By Jamshīd Ghiyāth Al-Dīn Al-Kāshī.. Islamic Mathematics And Astronomy. Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University.
Bagheri, Mohammad. 1997. “A Newly Found Letter Of Al-Kāshı̄ On Scientific Life In Samarkand”. Historia Mathematica 24 (3): 241-256.
Kennedy, Edward. 1985. “Spherical Astronomy In Kāshī's Khāqānī Zīj”. Zeitschrift Für Geschichte Der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften 2: 1-46.
Kennedy, Edward, David King, and Mary Kennedy. 1983. Studies In The Islamic Exact Sciences. Beirut: American University of Beirut.
Hamadanizadeh, Javad. 1980. “The Trigonometric Tables Of Al-Kāshī In His Zīj-I Khāqānī”. Historia Mathematica 7: 38-45.
Kennedy, Edward, and Marie-Thérèse Debarnot. 1979. “Al-Kāshī's Impractical Method Of Determining The Solar Altitude”. Journal For The History Of Arabic Science 3: 219-227.

On the methods for the determination of the ascendant in the fifth treatise of Kāshī's Zīj.

Youschkevitch, A. P., and B. A. Rosenfeld. 1973. “Al-Kāshī”. In Dictionary Of Scientific Biography, 7:255-62. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
Tichenor, Mark. 1967. “Late Medieval Two-Argument Tables For Planetary Longitudes”. Journal Of Near Eastern Studies 26: 126-128.

Reprinted in: Kennedy's "Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences." edited by David A. King and Mary Helen Kennedy. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1983, pp. 122-124.

Kennedy, Edward. 1964. “The Chinese-Uighur Calendar As Described In The Islamic Sources”. Isis 55 (4): 435-443.

Reprinted in: Kennedy's "Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences." edited by David A. King and Mary Helen Kennedy. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1983, pp. 652-660.

Kennedy, Edward, W. Henning, and Ehsan Yarshater. 1962. “A Medieval Interpolation Scheme Using Second Order Differences”. In A Locust's Leg: Studies In Honour Of S. H. Taqizadeh, 117-120. London: Percy Lund, Humphries and Co.

Reprinted in: Kennedy's "Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences." edited by David A. King and Mary Helen Kennedy. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1983, pp. 522-525.

Kennedy, Edward. 1961. “Al-Kāshī's Treatise On Astronomical Observational Instruments”. Journal Of Near Eastern Studies 20 (2): 98-108.

Reprinted in: Kennedy's "Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences." edited by David A. King and Mary Helen Kennedy. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1983, pp. 394-404. A facsimile edition of Kāshī's Risāla dar sharḥ-i ālāt-i raṣd with translation and commentary.

Kennedy, Edward. 1960. The Planetary Equatorium Of Jamshīd Ghiyāth Al‐Dīn Al‐Kāshī (D. 1429): An Edition Of The Anonymous Persian Manuscript 75 <44B> In The Garett Collection At Princeton University; Being A Eescription Of Two Computing Instruments, The Plate Of Heaven. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kennedy, Edward. 1960. “A Letter Of Jamshīd Al-Kāshī To His Father: Scientific Research And Personalities At A Fifteenth Century Court”. Orientalia 29: 191-213.

Reprinted in: Kennedy's "Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences." edited by David A. King and Mary Helen Kennedy. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1983, pp. 722-744.

Kennedy, Edward. 1956. “Parallax Theory In Islamic Astronomy”. Isis 47: 33-53.

Reprinted in: Kennedy's "Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences." edited by David A. King and Mary Helen Kennedy. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1983, pp. 164-184.

Kennedy, Edward. “Treatise V Of Kāshī's Khāqānī Zīj: The Determination Of The Ascendant”. Zeitschrift Für Geschichte Der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften 10: 123-146.