PERSON

Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ

Name (arabic)

إخوان الصفاء

Name (translit)

Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ

Alias

Brethren of Purity

Flourished

286H/900J

Lived in

Number in MAMS

226

Biography URL

ismi_id

56849

Authored Works

11 works:

Arithmetic: Practical/ḥisāb

Fī al-tanāsubāt , في التناسبات

Astronomical Instruments

Risālat al-asṭurlāb , رسالة الأسطرلاب

Astronomy: General

al-Risālah al-thālithah fī al-asṭarnūmiyā , الرسالة الثالثة في الأسطر نوميا
Risālah fī al-hayʾah (Ikhwān) , رسالة في الهيئة

Geography: Practical

Fī al-jughrāfiyā , في الجغرافيا

Geometry: General

al-Jūmātriyā fī al-handasah wa-māhiyātihā , الجوماتريا في الهندسة وماهياتها

MUSIC

Fī al-mūsīqá , في الموسيقی

Natural Philosophy/ṭabīʿiyyāt

al-Ṭabīʿiyyāt , الطبيعيات
Risālah fī al-samāʾ wa-al-ʿālam (Ikhwān) , رسالة في السماء والعالم
Risālah fī māhiyyat al-ṭabīʿiyyāt (Ikhwān) , رسالة في ماهيّة الطبيعيّات

Number Theory

Fī al-ʿadad , في العدد

References

İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin, and Boris Rozenfeld. 2003. Mathematicians, Astronomers And Other Scholars Of Islamic Civilisation And Their Works (7Th-19Th C.). Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture.

Pp. 90-91 (no. 226).

Sezgin, Fuat. 1996. Geschichte Der Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 3, Medizin-Pharmazie, Zoologie-Tierheilkunde Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 379-80.

Sezgin, Fuat. 1996. Geschichte Der Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 4, Alchimie-Chemie, Botanik-Agrikultur Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

P. 346.

Brockelmann, Carl. 1996. Geschichte Der Arabischen Litteratur (Gal). 5 vol.. Leiden; New York: E. J. Brill.

Vol. 1, pp. 236-38, suppl. 1, pp. 379-81.

al-Ṣafāʾ, Ikhwān, and Godefroid de Callataÿ. 1996. Les Révolutions Et Les Cycles : Épîtres Des Frères De La Pureté, Xxxvi. Beyrouth; Paris; Louvain-la-Neuve: al-Bouraq; Academia-Bruylant.
Afshār, Īraj, and Muhammad Dānishpazhūh. 1996. Mujmal Al-Ḥikma: Tarjamah-I Gūnahʾi Kuhan Āz “Rasāʾil-I Ikhwān Al-Ṣafāʾ” [An Abridged Persian Translation Of “The Works Of Ikhwān Al-Ṣafāʾ”]. Tehran.
Marquet, Yves. 1996. “Ikhwān Al-Ṣafāʾ”. In Encyclopaedia Of Islam, New Edition, 2nd ed., 3:1071-1076. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
King, David. 1986. A Survey Of The Scientific Manuscripts In The Egyptian National Library. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns; The American Research Center in Egypt.

Pp. 44-45.

Sezgin, Fuat. 1984. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 9, Grammatik. Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

P. 236.

Fakhry, Majid. 1983. A History Of Islamic Philosophy. 2ndnd ed.. New York: Columbia University Press.

Chapter 5.

Matvievskaya, Galina, and Boris Rozenfeld. 1983. Matematiki I Astronomy Musulmanskogo Srednevekovya I Ikh Trudi, Viii-Xvii Vv [Mathematicians And Astronomers Of The Muslim Middle Ages And Their Works, Viii-Xvii Centuries]. 3 vol.. Moscow: Nauka.

Vol. 164-67.

Sezgin, Fuat. 1979. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 7, Astrologie Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 284-87.

Bausani, Alessandro. 1978. L'enciclopedia Dei Fratelli Della Purità. Naples: Istituto Universitario Orientale.
Sezgin, Fuat. 1978. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 6, Astronomie Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 234-39.

Diwald, Susanne. 1975. Arabische Philosophie Und Wissenschaft In Der Enzyklopädie “Kitāb Iḫwān As-Ṣafāʾ.” (Iii) Die Lehre Von Seele Und Intellekt. Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz.
Sezgin, Fuat. 1974. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 5, Mathematik Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 348-52.

Marquet, Yves. 1973. La Philosophie Des Iḫwān Al-Ṣafāʾ. Algiers: Societe Nationale d'Edition et de Diffusion.
Nasr, Seyyed. 1964. An Introduction To Islamic Cosmological Doctrines: Conceptions Of Nature And Methods Used For Its Study By The Ikhwān Al-Ṣafāʾ, Al-Bīrūnī, And Ibn Sīnā.. Cambridge: Belknap; Harvard University.
Krachkovsky, Ignaty. 1957. “Arabskaya Geograficheskaya Literatura”. In Izbrannye Sochineniya. Vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad.

Pp. 229-32.

al-Ṣafāʾ, Ikhwān. 1957. Rasāʾil Ikhwān Al-Ṣafāʾ Wa Khullān Al-Wafāʾ. 4 vol.. Bayrut: Dār Ṣādir.
Lippert, Julius, and Jamāl Al-Qifṭī. 1903. “Taʾrīḫ Al-Hukamāʾ”. Leipzig: Theodor Weicher.

P. 82.

Leclerc, Lucien. 1876. Histoire De La Médecine Arabe: Exposé Complet Des Traductions Du Grec; Les Sciences En Orient, Leur Transmission À L’occident Par Les Traductions Latines. 2 vol.. Paris: E. Leroux.

Vol. 2, pp. 393-98.

Khalifa, Hajji. 1835. Hajji Khalifa. Kashf Al-Ẓunūn ʿAn Asāmī Al-Kutub Waʾl-Funūn = Lexicon Bibliographicum Et Encyclopaedicum A Mustafa Ben Abdallah Katib Jelebi Dicto Et Nomine Haji Khalfa Celebrato Compositum. Ed. Gustav Flügel. 7 vol.. Leipzig-London: R. Bentley for the Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland.

Vol. 3, p. 460.

Sarton, George. Introduction To The History Of Science. 3 vols. in 5 vol.. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, for the Carnegie Institution of Washington.

Vol. 1, pp. 660-61.

de Vaux, Bernard. Les Penseurs De L'islam. 5 vol.. Paris: P. Geuthner.

Vol. 2, pp. 379-82; vol. 4, pp. 102-15, 362.

Storey, Charles, and François De Blois. Persian Literature: A Bio‐Bibliographical Survey. 5 vol.. London: Luzac.

Vol. 2, pp. 350-51.