PERSON

Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd Allāh Ḥabash al-Ḥāsib al-Marwazī

Name (arabic)

أحمد بن عبد الله حبش الحاسب المروزي

Name (translit)

Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd Allāh Ḥabash al-Ḥāsib al-Marwazī

Alias

Ḥabash al-Ḥāsib al-Marwazī
Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd Allāh Ḥabash al-Ḥāsib al-Marwazī
Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-maʿrūf bi-Ḥabash al-Ḥāsib
Ḥabash al-Ḥāsib

Flourished

200H/815J

Lived in

Teacher of

Number in MAMS

46

Biography URL

ismi_id

163925

Authored Works

17 works:

Astronomical Instruments

al-ʿAmal bi-al-āsṭurlāb al-kurī wa-ʿajāʾibuhu , العمل بالأسطرلاب الكري وعجائبه
Kitāb al-rakhāʾim wa-al-maqāyīs , كتاب الرخائم والمقایيس
Kitāb fī maʿrifat al-kūrah wa-al-ʿamal bihā , كتاب في معرفة الکرة والعمل بها
Kitāb ʿamal al-asṭurlāb al-mubaṭṭakh , كتاب عمل الأسطرلاب المبطّخ
Kitāb ʿamal al-suṭūḥ al-mabsūṭah wa-al-qāʾimah wa-al-māʾilah wa-al-munḥarifah , كتاب عمل السطوح المبسوطة والقائمة والمائلة والمنحرفة
Maʿrifah kayfiyyat al-arṣād wa-al-ʿamal bi-dhāt al-ḥalaq , معرفة كيفية الأرصاد والعمل بذات الحلق
Risālah fī ʿamal al-ṣafīḥah al-jāmiʿah , رسالة في عمل الصفيحة الجامعة

Astronomical Tables/zījes

Zīj al-shāh , زيج الشاه
Zīj al-Sindhind , زيج السندهند
Zīj Ḥabash al-Ḥāsib , زيج حبش الحاسب

Astronomy: General

al-Risālah al-kāmilah fī ruʾyat al-hilāl , الرسالة الكاملة في رؤية الهلال
al-Risālah fī raṣad Dimashq , الرسالة في رصد دمشق
Kitab al-abʿād wa-al-ajrām , كتاب الأبعاد والأجرام
Kitāb al-arṣād fī Baghdād , كتاب الأرصاد في بغداد
Risālah Ḥabash al-Ḥāsib fī samt al-qiblah , رسالة حبش الحاسب في سمت القبلة

Mathematics: General

Kitāb al-dawāʾir al-thalāthah al-mutamāssah wa-kayfiyyat al-ittiṣāl , كتاب الدوائر الثلاثة المتماسة وکیفیة الإتصال

References

Charette, François. 2007. “Ḥabash Al-Ḥāsib: Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad Ibn ʿAbd Allāh Al-Marwazī”. In The Biographical Encyclopedia Of Astronomers, ed. Thomas Hockey, 1:455-57. New York: Springer-Verlag.
King, David. 2004. In Synchrony With The Heavens: Studies In Astronomical Timekeeping And Instrumentation In Medieval Islamic Civilization. 2 vol.. Leiden; Boston: E. J. Brill.

Vol. 1: The Call of the Muezzin (Studies I-IX).

Rozenfeld, Boris, and Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu. 2003. Mathematicians, Astronomers And Other Scholars Of Islamic Civilisation And Their Works (7Th-19Th C.). Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture.

Pp. 27-28 (no. 46)

Charette, François, and Petra Schmidl. 2001. “A Universal Plate For Timekeeping By The Stars By Ḥabash Al‐Ḥāsib: Text, Translation And Commentary”. Suhayl 2: 107-159.
King, David. 2000. “Too Many Cooks .. A New Account Of The Earliest Muslim Geodetic Measurements”. Suhayl 1: 207-242.

Pp. 217-22.

Kennedy, Edward, Paul Kunitzsch, and Richard Lorch. 1999. The Melon-Shaped Astrolabe In Arabic Astronomy. Stuttgart: Steiner.

Texts edited with translation and commentary.

King, David. 1999. World-Maps For Finding The Direction And Distance To Mecca: Innovation And Tradition In Islamic Science. Leiden; Boston: E. J. Brill.
Brockelmann, Carl. 1996. Geschichte Der Arabischen Litteratur (Gal). 5 vol.. Leiden; New York: E. J. Brill.

Vol. 1, p. 250; suppl. 1, p. 393.

Hill, Donald. 1993. “Mūsā, Banū”. In Encyclopaedia Of Islam, New Edition, 2nd ed., 7:640-641. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Berggren, J.Lennart. 1991. “Ḥabash's Analemma For Representing Azimuth Circles On The Astrolabe”. Zeitschrift Für Geschichte Der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften 7: 23-30.
Debarnot, Marie-Thérèse, David King, and George Saliba. 1987. “The Zīj Of Ḥabash Al‐Ḥāsib: A Survey Of Ms Istanbul Yeni Cami 784/2”. In From Deferent To Equant: A Volume Of Studies In The History Of Science In The Ancient And Medieval Near East In Honour Of E. S. Kennedy, 35-69. New York: The New York Academy of Sciences.
King, David. 1986. A Survey Of The Scientific Manuscripts In The Egyptian National Library. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns; The American Research Center in Egypt.

P. 38.

Langermann, Y.Tzvi. 1985. “The Book Of Bodies And Distances Of Ḥabash Al‐Ḥāsib”. Centaurus 28: 108-128.
Lorch, Richard, and Paul Kunitzsch. 1985. “Ḥabash Al‐Ḥāsib's Book On The Sphere And Its Use”. Zeitschrift Für Geschichte Der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften 2: 68-98.
Matvievskaya, Galina, and Boris Rozenfeld. 1983. Matematiki I Astronomy Musulmanskogo Srednevekovya I Ikh Trudi, Viii-Xvii Vv [Mathematicians And Astronomers Of The Muslim Middle Ages And Their Works, Viii-Xvii Centuries]. 3 vol.. Moscow: Nauka.

Vol. 2, pp. 47-49 (no. 22).

Kennedy, Edward, David King, and Mary Kennedy. 1983. Studies In The Islamic Exact Sciences. Beirut: American University of Beirut.

Collection of previously published papers, including numerous studies devoted to detailed aspects of Ḥabash's astronomical achievements.

Suter, Heinrich. 1981. Die Mathematiker Und Astronomen Der Araber Und Ihre Werke. Amsterdam: APA; Oriental Press.

Pp. 12-13.

Al-Hāshimī, ʿAlī, and David Pingree. 1981. The Book Of The Reasons Behind Astronomical Tables [Kitāb Fī ʿIlal Al‐Zījāt]. Trans. Edward Kennedy and Haddad, Fuad. Facsimile reproduction of the unique Arabic text contained in the Bodleian MS Arch. Seld. A.11 ed.. Delmar, NY: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints.

A facsimile reproduction of the unique Arabic text contained in the Bodleian MS Arch. Seld. A.11.

Berggren, J.Lennart. 1980. “A Comparison Of Four Analemmas For Determining The Azimuth Of The Qibla”. Journal For The History Of Arabic Science 4: 69-80.
Sezgin, Fuat. 1978. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 6, Astronomie Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 173-75.

Sezgin, Fuat. 1974. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 5, Mathematik Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 275-77.

Hartner, Willy. 1971. “Ḥabas̲h̲ Al-Ḥāsib Al-Marwazī”. In Encyclopaedia Of Islam, Second Edition. Vol. 3.
al-Nadīm, Ibn. 1970. The Fihrist Of Muḥammad Ibn Isḥāq Ibn Al-Nadīm: A Tenth-Century Survey Of Muslim Culture. Ed. Bayard Dodge. 2 vol.. New York: Columbia University Press.
Al-Bīrūnī, Abū. 1967. The Determination Of The Coordinates Of Positions For The Correction Of Distances Between Cities; A Translation From The Arabic Of Kitāb Taḥdīd Nihāyāt Al-Amākin Li-Taṣḥīḥ Masāfāt Al-Masākin. Tran. Jamil Ali. Beirut: The American University of Beirut.
Sayılı, Aydın. 1960. The Observatory In Islam And Its Place In The General History Of The Observatory. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basimevi (Turkish Historical Society).
Irani, Rida. 1956. “The ‘Jadwal Al‐Taqwīm’ Of Ḥabash Al‐Ḥāsib”. Mathematics Department. Beirut: American University of Beirut.
Kennedy, Edward. 1956. “A Survey Of Islamic Astronomical Tables”. Transactions Of The American Philosophical Society 46, pt. 2: 121-177.

Reprinted in: Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1989.

Sayılı, Aydın. 1955. “The Introductory Section Of Habash's Astronomical Tables Known As The 'Damascene' Zij”. Ankara Üniversitesi Dil Ve Tarih–Coğrafya Fakültesi Dergisi 13: 132-151.
Lippert, Julius, and Jamāl Al-Qifṭī. 1903. “Taʾrīḫ Al-Hukamāʾ”. Leipzig: Theodor Weicher.

P. 170.

Lippert, Julius, and Jamāl Al-Qifṭī. 1903. “Taʾrīḫ Al-Hukamāʾ”. Leipzig: Theodor Weicher.