PERSON

Māshāʾ Allāh ibn Atharī al-Baṣrī

Name (arabic)

ما شاء الله بن أثري البصري

Name (translit)

Māshāʾ Allāh ibn Atharī al-Baṣrī

Alias

Messahala
Māshāʾ Allāh
Mīshāʾ ibn Athrā

Flourished

168H/785J

Died

189H/805J

Lived in

Teacher of

Misattribution

Notes

(From MAMS2): Māshāʾ Allāh (fl. 762-ca. 815 Baghdad) was one of the early ʿAbbāsid astrologers associated with the courts of al‐Manṣūr and al-Maʾmūn. He and al‐Nawbakht worked on the horoscope for the foundation of Baghdad in 762.

Number in MAMS

18

Biography URL

ismi_id

104293

Authored Works

9 works:

Astrology

Kitāb al-asʿār , كتاب الأسعار
Kitāb al-wāḥid wa-al-ʿishrīn fī qirānāt wa-al-adyān wa-al-milal , كتاب الواحد والعشرين في قرانات والأديان والملل
Mafātiḥ al-qaḍāʾ , مفاتيح القضاء
Mafātiḥ al-qaḍāʾ [P] , مفاتيح القضاء

Astronomical Instruments

Kitāb dhāt al-ḥalaq , كتاب ذات الحلق
Kitāb ṣanʿat al-asṭurlābāt wa-al-ʿamal bi-hā , كتاب صنعة الأسطرلابات والعمل بها

Astronomy: Theoretical/hayʾaẗ al-ʿālam

Al-Kitāb al-maʿrūf bi-al-sābiʿ wa-al-ʿishrīn , الكتاب المعروف بالسابع والعشرين

Meteorology

Kitāb al-amṭār wa-al-riyāḥ , كتاب الأمطار والرياح

References

Mimura, Taro. 2015. “The Arabic Original Of (Ps.) Māshāʾallāh's Liber De Orbs: Its Date And Authorship”. The British Journal For The History Of Science 48 (2): 321-352.
Belenkiy, Ari. 2007. “Māshāʾallāh Ibn Atharī (Sāriya)”. In The Biographical Encyclopedia Of Astronomers, ed. Thomas Hockey, 2:740-41. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Rozenfeld, Boris, and Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu. 2003. Mathematicians, Astronomers And Other Scholars Of Islamic Civilisation And Their Works (7Th-19Th C.). Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture.

P. 17 (no. 18).

Lemay, Richard. 1997. “Māshāʾallāh”. In Encyclopaedia Of The History Of Science, Technology, And Medicine In Non-Western Cultures, ed. Helaine Selin, 602-603. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic.
Brockelmann, Carl. 1996. Geschichte Der Arabischen Litteratur (Gal). 5 vol.. Leiden; New York: E. J. Brill.

Vol. 1, p. 249; suppl. 1, pp. 391-92.

Kunitzsch, Paul. 1993. “Māšāʾallāh”. In Lexikon Des Mittelalters, 6:361-362. München; Zürich: Artemis & Winkler.
Samsó, Julio. 1991. “Mās̲h̲āʾ Allāh”. In Encyclopaedia Of Islam, New Edition, 2nd ed., 6:710-712. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Wensinck, Arent. 1987. “Mās̲h̲āʾ Allāh”. In Encyclopaedia Of Islam, 2nd ed., 5:390-391. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
King, David. 1986. A Survey Of The Scientific Manuscripts In The Egyptian National Library. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns; The American Research Center in Egypt.

P. 31.

Matvievskaya, Galina, and Boris Rozenfeld. 1983. Matematiki I Astronomy Musulmanskogo Srednevekovya I Ikh Trudi, Viii-Xvii Vv [Mathematicians And Astronomers Of The Muslim Middle Ages And Their Works, Viii-Xvii Centuries]. 3 vol.. Moscow: Nauka.

Vol. 2, pp. 34-35.

Suter, Heinrich. 1981. Die Mathematiker Und Astronomen Der Araber Und Ihre Werke. Amsterdam: APA; Oriental Press.

Pp. 5-6.

Kunitzsch, Paul. 1981. “On The Authenticity Of The Treatise On The Composition And Use Of The Astrolable Ascribed To Messahalla”. Archives Internationales D'histoire Des Sciences 31: 42-62.
Sezgin, Fuat. 1979. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 7, Astrologie Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 102-8, 324.

Sezgin, Fuat. 1978. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (Gas), Vol. 6, Astronomie Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 127-29.

Pingree, David. 1975. “Māshāʼ Allāh: Some Sasanian And Syriac Sources”. In Essays On Islamic Philosophy And Science, ed. George Hourani, 5-14. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Gillispie, Charles, and David Pingree. 1974. “Māshāʾ Allāh”. In Dictionary Of Scientific Biography, 9:159-162. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
Kennedy, Edward, and David Pingree. 1971. The Astrological History Of Māshāʾallāh. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Goldstein, Bernard. 1964. “The Book On Eclipses Of Masha'allah”. Physis 6 (2): 205-213.
Kennedy, Edward. (1959) 1959. “A Horoscope Of Messehalla In The Chaucer Equatorium Manuscript”. Speculum 34 (4): 629–630.
Thorndike, Lynn. 1956. “The Latin Translations Of Astrological Works By Messahala”. Osiris 12: 49-72.

P. 3.

Lippert, Julius, and Jamāl Al-Qifṭī. 1903. “Taʾrīḫ Al-Hukamāʾ”. Leipzig: Theodor Weicher.

P. 327.

Suter, Heinrich. 1900. Die Mathematiker Und Astronomen Der Araber Und Ihre Werke.. Abhandlungen Zur Geschichte Der Mathematischen Wissenschaften Mit Einschluss Ihrer Anwendungen, Vol. 10. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner.
Suter, Heinrich. 1892. “Das Mathematiker-Verzeichniss Im Fihrist Des Ibn Abi Ja'qub An-Nadim”. Abhandlungen Für Geschichte Der Mathematischen Wissenschaften 6.

P. 27.

Baldi, Bernardino. 1872. “Vite Di Matematici Arabi, Tratte Da Un'opera Inedita Di Bernardino Baldi, Con Note Di M. Steinschneider”. Estratto Dal Bullettino Di Bibliografia E Di Storia Delle Scienze Matematiche E Fisiche 5: 427-534.

Pp. 429-31.

Ibn al-Nadīm, Muḥammad. 1871. Kitāb Al-Fihrist, Ed. Gustav Flügel. 2 vol.. Leipzig: Vogel.

Pp. 273-74.

Steinschneider, Moritz. 1865. “Ǵauberi's "Entdeckte Geheimnisse", Eine Quelle Für Orientalische Sittenschilderung”. Zeitschrift Der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft 19: 562-577.

Pp. 15-83.

Khalifa, Hajji. 1835. Hajji Khalifa. Kashf Al-Ẓunūn ʿAn Asāmī Al-Kutub Waʾl-Funūn = Lexicon Bibliographicum Et Encyclopaedicum A Mustafa Ben Abdallah Katib Jelebi Dicto Et Nomine Haji Khalfa Celebrato Compositum. Ed. Gustav Flügel. 7 vol.. Leipzig-London: R. Bentley for the Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland.

Vol. 1, p. 175.

Storey, Charles, and François De Blois. Persian Literature: A Bio‐Bibliographical Survey. 5 vol.. London: Luzac.

Vol. 2, pp. 38-39.

Sarton, George. Introduction To The History Of Science. 3 vols. in 5 vol.. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, for the Carnegie Institution of Washington.

Vol. 1, p. 531.