PERSON

Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abū al-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyāmī al-Nīshāpūrī

Name (arabic)

غياث الدين أبو الفتح عمر بن إبراهيم الخيّامي النيشاپوري

Name (translit)

Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abū al-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyāmī al-Nīshāpūrī

Alias

ʿUmar Ḫayyām
Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abū al-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Ḫayyāmī al-Naysābūrī

Born

439H/1048J

Died

513H/1120J

Born in

Lived in

Died in

Teacher of

Number in MAMS

420

Biography URL

ismi_id

64456

Authored Works

14 works:

Algebra

Mushkilāt al-ḥisāb , مشكلات الحساب
Risālah fī al-barāhīn ʿalá masāʾil al-jabr wa-al-muqābalah , رسالة في البراهين على مسائل الجبر والمقابلة

Astronomical Tables/zījes

al-Zīj Malik-shāhī , الزيج ملكشاهي

Astronomy: General

Nawrūz-nāmah , نوروزنامه

Geography: Practical

Lawāzim al-amkinah , لوازم الأمكنة

Geometry: General

Sharḥ mā ashkala min muṣādarāt kitāb Uqlīdis , شرح ما اشكل من مصادرات كتاب أقليدس

Mathematics: General

Risālah fī taqsīm rubʿ al-dāʾirah , رسالة في تقسيم ربع الدائرة

MUSIC

al-Qawl ʿalá al-ajnās allatī bi-al-arbaʿ , القول على الأجناس التي بالأربع
Sharḥ al-mushkil min Kitāb al-musīqá , شرح المشكل من كتاب الموسيقى

Natural Philosophy/ṭabīʿiyyāt

Mukhtaṣar fī al-ṭabīʿiyyāt , مختصر في الطبيعيّات

OTHER

Rawḍat al-ʿuqūl , روضة العقول

TECHNOLOGY

Fī al-qustāṣ al-mustaqīm , في القستاص المستقيم
Mīzān al-ḥikam , ميزان الحكم

References

Hashemipour, Behnaz. 2007. “Khayyām: Ghiyāth al‐Dīn Abū al‐Fatḥ ʿUmar Ibn Ibrāhīm al‐Khayyāmī al‐Nīshāpūrī”. In The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, Springer Reference, ed. Thomas Hockey, 627-28. New York: Springer.
Rozenfeld, Boris, and Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu. 2003. Mathematicians, Astronomers and Other Scholars of Islamic Civilisation and Their Works (7th-19th c.). Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture.

Pp. 168-70 (no. 420).

Hashemipour, Behnaz. 2002. “Guftārī Dar bār-I-Yi kullīyāt-I wujūd [Khayyām’s Treatise on The Universals of Existence]”. Farhang 14 (39-40): 29-87.

Edited with an analytical introduction. In Persian.

Meeus, Jean, and Jean Meeus. 2002. “The Gregorian Calendar and the Tropical Year”. In More Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, 357-66. Richmond, VA: Willmann-Bell.
Nasr, Seyyed. 2002. “The Poet-Scientist Khayyām As Philosopher”. Farhang 14 (39-40): 25-47.
Netz, Reviel. 2002. “ʿOmar Khayyām and Archimedes”. Farhang 14 (39-40): 221-59.
Angurāni, Fātima, and Zahrā Angurāni. 2002. Bibliography of ʿOmar Khayyām. Tehran: Society for the Appreciation of Cultural Works and Dignitaries.

In Persian.

Djebbar], Aḥmad. 2000. “ʿOmar Khayyām Et Les activités mathématiques En Pays d’Islam Aux XI–XII siècles”. Farhang 12 (29-32): 1-31.

Commemoration of Khayyām.

Amir-Moèz, Ali. 2000. “Khayyām, Hashtroudi, and Quartic Equations”. Farhang 12 (29-32): 125-31.
Chawushi, Jaʿfar. 2000. “Ḥakīm ʿUmar Khayyām and the Arithmetic Triangle”. Farhang 12 (29-32): 17-31.
Rozenfeld, Boris, and Henri Fouchecour. 2000. “ʿUmar Khayyām”. In Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed., 10:827-34.
Rozenfeld, Boris. 1997. “Khayyām”. In Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures, 479-80. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic.
Borkowski, Kazimierz. 1996. “The Persian Calendar for 3000 Years”. Earth, Moon and Planets 74 (3): 223-30.
Brockelmann, Carl. 1996. Geschichte Der Arabischen Litteratur (GAL). 5 vol. Leiden; New York: E. J. Brill.

Vol. 1, pp. 620-21; suppl. 1, 855-56.

Yushkevich, A. 1996. Matematika V Yeyo Istorii. Moscow.

Pp. 11-58.

Amir-Moèz, Ali. 1994. “Khayyām, Al-Bīrūnī, Gauss, Archimedes, and Quartic Equations”. Texas Journal of Science 46 (3): 241-57.
Abdollahy, Reza, and Ehsan Yarshater. 1990. “Calendar: Islamic Period”. In Encyclopaedia Iranica, 4:668-74. London; Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Baghirova, Sevinj. 1987. Sochineniye " Tatimmat Ṣiwān Al-ḥikmah " Al-Bayhaki Kak Obrazets Srednevekovogo Ensiklopedicheskogo Spravochnika. Tashkent.

Pp. 75-77.

Berggren, J.Lennart. 1986. Episodes in the Mathematics of Medieval Islam. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Pp. 12-15, 118-24.

King, David. 1986. A Survey of the Scientific Manuscripts in the Egyptian National Library. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns; The American Research Center in Egypt.

P. 147.

Van der Waerden, B. 1985. A History of Algebra From Al-Khwārizmī to Emmy Noether. Berlin: Springer.

Pp. 24-33.

Wiedemann, Eilhard. 1984. Gesammelte Schriften Zur Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaftsgeschichte [Majmūʿat magālātih Fī tārīkh Al-ʿulūm Al-ʿArabīyah Wa-Al-Islāmīyah]. 3 vol. Frankfurt am Main: Institut für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität.

Vol. 2, pp. 679-99.

Matvievskaya, Galina, and Boris Rozenfeld. 1983. Matematiki I Astronomy Musulmanskogo Srednevekovya I Ikh Trudi, VIII-XVII Vv [Mathematicians and Astronomers of the Muslim Middle Ages and Their Works, VIII-XVII Centuries]. 3 vol. Moscow: Nauka.

Vol. 2, pp. 314-19.

Youschkevitch, Adolf, M. Cazenave, and K. Jaouiche. 1976. Les mathématiques Arabes (VIIIe-XVe siècles). Paris: J. Vrin.

Pp. 76, 84-89, 94-102, 117-22.

Gabrieli, Francesco. 1975. “ʿOmar Khayyām”. In Scienzati E Tecnologi Dalle Origini Al 1875, 2:465-67.
Rizvi, Vaqar. 1975. “Khayyam As Geometrician”. In International Congress of Mathematical Sciences. Karachi.
Sezgin, Fuat. 1974. Geschichte Des Arabischen Schrifttums (GAS), Vol. 5, Mathematik Bis Ca. 430 H. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Pp. 49-52.

Rozenfeld, Boris, and A. Yushkevich. 1973. “Al-Khayyāmī (or Khayyām)”. In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, 7:323-34.
Ahadova, Muhabbat. 1972. Umar Khayyom - Matematik Olim. Tashkent.
Boyle, John. 1969. “Omar Khayyam: Astronomer, Mathematician and Poet”. Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 52 (1): 30-35.